Longitudinal Cerebrospinal Fluid Biomarkers over Four Years in Mild Cognitive Impairment
2012 (English)In: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease, ISSN 1387-2877, Vol. 30, no 4, 767-778 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) measurements of amyloid-β42 (Aβ42), total-tau (T-tau), and phosphorylated tau (P-tau) may be used to predict future Alzheimer's disease (AD) dementia in patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). The precise temporal development of these biomarkers in relation to clinical progression is unclear. Earlier studies have been hampered by short follow-up. In an MCI cohort, we selected 15 patients who developed AD (MCI-AD) and 15 who remained cognitively stable during 4 years of follow-up. CSF was sampled at three serial occasions from each patient and analyzed for Aβ peptides, the soluble amyloid-β protein precursor protein fragments sAβPPα and sAβPPβ, T-tau, P-tau, and chromogranin B, which is a protein linked to regulated neuronal secretion. We also measured, for the first time in MCI patients, an extended panel of Aβ peptides by matrix-assisted-laser-desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MS). Most biomarkers were surprisingly stable over the four years with coefficients of variation below or close to 10%. However, MCI-AD patients decreased in CSF AβX-40 and chromogranin B concentrations, which may indicate a reduced number of functional neurons or synapses with disease progression. The MS Aβ peptide panel was more useful than any single Aβ peptide to identify MCI-AD patients already at baseline. Knowledge on these biomarkers and their trajectories may facilitate early diagnosis of AD and be useful in future clinical trials to track effects of disease modifying drugs.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 30, no 4, 767-778 p.
Alzheimer's disease, amyloid-beta, biomarkers, cerebrospinal fluid, chromogranin, mild cognitive impairment, tau
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-177644DOI: 10.3233/JAD-2012-120019ISI: 000305485800006OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-177644DiVA: diva2:541502