Very high levels of anti-citrullinated protein antibodies are associated with HLA-DRB1*15 non-shared epitope allele in patients with rheumatoid arthritis
2012 (English)In: Arthritis and Rheumatism, ISSN 0004-3591, E-ISSN 1529-0131, Vol. 64, no 7, 2078-2084 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Objective Production of anticitrullinated protein antibodies (ACPAs) is an important biomarker for rheumatoid arthritis (RA). We undertook this study to determine whether genetic factors (HLADRB1 alleles) are associated with extreme ACPA levels in individuals with ACPA-positive RA, and to ascertain whether there are any phenotypic characteristics associated with these subgroups of RA. Methods HLADRB1 allelic groups were genotyped in 1,073 ACPA-positive RA patients from the Swedish Epidemiological Investigation of Rheumatoid Arthritis study. We found that 283 patients (26.4%) had high ACPA levels (defined as >1,500 units/ml using the Euro-Diagnostica anti-CCP2 test), while the rest of the patients had moderate ACPA levels and served as the comparison group. A replication group consisted of 235 RA patients. Results No significant differences in baseline disease activity were observed between patients with high and those with moderate ACPA levels. However, the HLADRB1*15 allele was associated with high ACPA levels (P = 0.0002). A similar trend was detected in HLADRB1*15positive patients in the replication cohort, with meta-analysis of the discovery and replication cohorts demonstrating an overall effect of HLADRB1*15 on development of high ACPA levels in both the discovery and replication cohorts (P < 0.0001 by Mantel-Haenszel test with a fixed-effects model). Conclusion Our data indicate that HLADRB1*15 may promote the production of high ACPA levels. Due to the high value of ACPA level scores in the 2010 American College of Rheumatology/European League Against Rheumatism classification criteria for RA, the presence of HLADRB1*15 may, at least in part, contribute to fulfilling the criteria for RA. This illustrates the complex nature of the genetic regulation of ACPA levels. Additional mechanistic studies of the regulation of ACPAs and ACPA-positive RA are pending.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 64, no 7, 2078-2084 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-177846DOI: 10.1002/art.34421ISI: 000305742800004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-177846DiVA: diva2:541610