Evaluation of the use of Classical Nucleation Theory for predicting intestinal crystallization of two weakly basic BCS class II drugs
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
The aim of this work was to evaluate an in vitro-in silico approach for prediction of small intestinal crystallization of two weakly basic model BCS class II drugs, AZD0865 and mebendazole, and the effect crystallization would have on the absorption prediction of the drug. The crystallization rates were investigated in an in vitro method using simulated gastric and intestinal media, and the result was modeled by using Classical Nucleation Theory (CNT). The effect of varying in vitro parameters (initial drug concentration, rate of mixing gastric and intestinal fluid, stirring and filtration) on the interfacial tension g, being a key parameter in CNT, was investigated. The initial drug concentration had the most significant effect on g for both substances tested, although g is a fundamental parameter independent of concentration according to CNT. In the subsequent in silico prediction of drug absorption an empirical approach was used where g was predicted at expected in vivo small intestinal concentrations. The results showed that lack of crystallization effects on absorption in man of the model drug AZD0865 up to doses of 4 mg/kg could be predicted. Mebendazole intestinal precipitation in canines was also well described by the model, where mean predicted amount precipitated was 111% (range 41-166%) of measured solid amount, and mean predicted supersaturation was 106% (range 73-118%) of measured supersaturation. The plasma concentration of mebendazole after duodenal administration of a solution could not be predicted by the model with the same precision in the absence of measured intestinal drug concentrations as basis for estimating the g value. In conclusion, the in vitro-in silico approach can be used for predictions of absorption effects of crystallization, but the model could benefit from further development work on the theoretical crystallization model and in vitro experimental design.
precipitation, in silico prediction, absorption, biopharmaceutics classification system, crystallization, classical nucleation theory, in vitro-in vivo correlations
Research subject Biopharmaceutics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-178052OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-178052DiVA: diva2:541906