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Water-level variations in Lake Nhauhache, Mozambique, during the last 2,300 years
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2012 (English)In: Journal of Paleolimnology, ISSN 0921-2728, E-ISSN 1573-0417, Vol. 48, no 2, 311-322 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Stratigraphic variations in diatom composition and phytolith abundance in a sediment core from a small, hydrologically isolated waterbody, Lake Nhauhache, Mozambique, provide evidence of water-level fluctuations over the past 2,300 years. Ten AMS radiocarbon dates on bulk sediment samples show that the lake came into existence about 2,300 years ago and that it has dried out since then, but only for brief time periods. Changes in the diatom assemblage composition indicate that lake level fluctuated in response to shifting humidity conditions. The changes reflect wetter conditions ca. 300 BC-AD 800, more variable conditions between AD 800 and 1150, a distinct dry phase within the time span AD 1150-1700 and a return thereafter to more humid conditions until present. There is general agreement between the Lake Nhauhache record and other records from the Southern Hemisphere summer rainfall region. This suggests that sediments from small interdunal lakes, which are abundant along the coast of southern Africa, provide reliable, regional paleoenvironmental information about an area from which more such data are needed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 48, no 2, 311-322 p.
Keyword [en]
Southern Africa, Lake-level changes, Paleohydrology, Paleoclimatology, Microfossils
National Category
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences Archaeology
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-178076DOI: 10.1007/s10933-012-9596-3ISI: 000305959000003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-178076DiVA: diva2:542149
Available from: 2012-07-30 Created: 2012-07-27 Last updated: 2012-07-30Bibliographically approved

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Ekblom, Anneli
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African and Comparative Archaeology
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