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Influences of motives to play and time spent gaming on the negative consequences of adolescent online computer gaming
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Centre for Clinical Research, County of Västmanland.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Centre for Clinical Research, County of Västmanland.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Centre for Clinical Research, County of Västmanland.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Centre for Clinical Research, County of Västmanland.
2012 (English)In: Computers in human behavior, ISSN 0747-5632, E-ISSN 1873-7692, Vol. 28, no 4, 1379-1387 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this study we examined the relation between gaming-time, motives to play, and negative consequences due to playing MMORPGs. A total of 7757 Swedish adolescents (3872 boys and 3885 girls) between 13 and 18 years of age completed a questionnaire during class hours. Results indicated that time spent on gaming was associated with negative consequences. This relation was further explained by motives to play. Gaming for fun and social motives were associated with a reduced risk whereas gaming to escape, to gain status, or due to demands from others were associated with an increased risk of negative consequences. Motives to play should be considered as a prime indicator for negative consequences, even more than time spent gaming. Implications of these findings for future research are discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 28, no 4, 1379-1387 p.
Keyword [en]
Adolescent, Behaviour problems, Computer games, Consequences, Motivation, Videogames
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-178561DOI: 10.1016/j.chb.2012.02.023ISI: 000304518000033OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-178561DiVA: diva2:542368
Available from: 2012-07-31 Created: 2012-07-31 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Online gaming in relation to negative consequences and ill health among adolescents
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Online gaming in relation to negative consequences and ill health among adolescents
2013 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Västerås: Tryckeriet Västmanlandssjukhus, 2013. 48 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Research subject
Family Medicine
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-210296 (URN)978-91-506-2376-5 (ISBN)
Presentation
2013-11-26, Mullvaden, Centrum för klinisk forskning, Västmanlandssjukhus ing.29 nb., Västerås, 13:00 (Swedish)
Supervisors
Available from: 2013-11-14 Created: 2013-11-04 Last updated: 2013-11-14Bibliographically approved
2. Adolescent Gaming and Gambling in Relation to Negative Social Consequences and Health
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Adolescent Gaming and Gambling in Relation to Negative Social Consequences and Health
2015 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The aims of the thesis were to study relationships between the effects of online gaming and gambling and negative social consequences and ill health among adolescents and to determine whether gaming and gambling activities occur together.

The papers in this thesis used epidemiological methods to obtain self-report information from Swedish adolescents aged 13–18 years. Time spent in online gaming was associated with negative social consequences, and this relationship was explained by online gaming motives. Gaming for fun and social motives was associated with a reduced risk of negative social consequences, whereas gaming to escape problems, gain status, or meet demands from others was associated with an increased risk.

Increased online gaming time on weekdays increased the probability of having depressive, musculoskeletal, or psychosomatic symptoms, and was related to online gaming motives. The probability of ill health was low in those who reported gaming for fun or social motives. Adolescents with symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) were more sensitive to gambling frequency and to developing a gambling problem. However, among those identified as susceptible, adolescents with ADHD were equally affected compared with other susceptible participants in terms of their gambling frequency.

Boys had a higher probability than girls of participating in online gambling in association with online gaming. Having at least one parent born outside Scandinavia was associated with a higher probability of online gambling, especially among girls. The effect of alcohol use as a factor contributing to online gambling was greater among boys than among girls.

The results of this thesis contribute new knowledge about sex differences in online gaming and gambling behaviours and add to the limited research on online gaming and online gambling behaviours among adolescent girls. Gaming motives may be helpful for identifying online gamers needing support to reduce their unhealthy gaming behaviour. Information about factors related to gaming and gambling problems may be of interest to clinicians in psychiatry, psychology and social work, as well as to policymakers, parents and teachers involved in adolescent health and development. Effect preventive strategies should consider the sex differences in gaming and gambling behaviour in adolescents.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2015. 80 p.
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Medicine, ISSN 1651-6206 ; 1131
Keyword
Adolescents, Depression, Gambling, Gaming, Health, Musculoskeletal symptoms, Negative social consequences, Psychosomatic Symptoms.
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Family Medicine
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-261156 (URN)978-91-554-9316-5 (ISBN)
Public defence
2015-10-16, Samlingssalen Ingång 29, Västmanlands sjukhus, Västerås, 13:15 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2015-09-25 Created: 2015-08-31 Last updated: 2015-10-01

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Hellström, CharlottaNilsson, Kent W.Leppert, JerzyAslund, Cecilia

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