Investigation of different particle sizes on superhydrophobic surfaces made by rapid expansion of supercritical solution with in situ laser diffraction (RESS-LD)
2012 (English)In: Journal of Supercritical Fluids, ISSN 0896-8446, Vol. 67, 53-59 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In situ laser diffraction, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) imaging, and thermography have been used to investigate particle formation and particle size distribution of alkyl ketene dimer (AKD) produced by rapid expansion of supercritical solution (RESS). The investigated RESS process is based on an earlier reported method to prepare superhydrophobic coatings. Spray distance, pre-expansion temperature and pressure have been varied and the results from the methods have been compared. SEM images and light scattering data correlate well, and show that the mean particle size increased and the size distribution became significantly broader with increasing spray distance. Mean particle diameters of above 5 mu m were only observed for pre-expansion temperatures at 50 degrees C or below. Furthermore, results show that by placing the surface to be coated within the cold expansion zone of carbon dioxide (CO2), i.e. in this study at 55 mm or shorter for a pre-expansion temperature (T-pe) and pressure (P-pe) of 57 degrees C and 180 bar, respectively, will produce a surface evenly covered by 3-mu m crystalline AKD flake-like particles. Obtained results also indicated, but did not prove, that agglomerates of AKD particles were carried to the surface by liquid CO2 droplets in the jet.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 67, 53-59 p.
Carbon dioxide, Crystallization, Laser diffraction, Particle formation, Rapid expansion of supercritical solution, Spray distance, Supercritical, Wax
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-178553DOI: 10.1016/j.supflu.2012.03.008ISI: 000305107300007OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-178553DiVA: diva2:542372