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Bone tissue reactions to biomimetic ion-substituted apatite surfaces on titanium implants
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Applied Materials Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Applied Materials Sciences.
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2012 (English)In: Journal of the Royal Society Interface, ISSN 1742-5662, E-ISSN 1742-5689, Vol. 9, no 72, 1615-1624 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this study was to evaluate the bone tissue response to strontium-and silicon-substituted apatite (Sr-HA and Si-HA) modified titanium (Ti) implants. Sr-HA, Si-HA and HA were grown on thermally oxidized Ti implants by a biomimetic process. Oxidized implants were used as controls. Surface properties, i.e. chemical composition, surface thickness, morphology/pore characteristics, crystal structure and roughness, were characterized with various analytical techniques. The implants were inserted in rat tibiae and block biopsies were prepared for histology, histomorphometry and scanning electron microscopy analysis. Histologically, new bone formed on all implant surfaces. The bone was deposited directly onto the Sr-HA and Si-HA implants without any intervening soft tissue. The statistical analysis showed significant higher amount of bone-implant contact (BIC) for the Si-doped HA modification (P = 0.030), whereas significant higher bone area (BA) for the Sr-doped HA modification (P = 0.034), when compared with the non-doped HA modification. The differences were most pronounced at the early time point. The healing time had a significant impact for both BA and BIC (P < 0.001). The present results show that biomimetically prepared Si-HA and Sr-HA on Ti implants provided bioactivity and promoted early bone formation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 9, no 72, 1615-1624 p.
Keyword [en]
bioactivity, biomimetic, hydroxyapatite, osseointegration, implant, in vivo
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences Engineering and Technology
Research subject
Engineering Science with specialization in Materials Science
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-178482DOI: 10.1098/rsif.2011.0808ISI: 000304437400018OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-178482DiVA: diva2:542476
Available from: 2012-08-01 Created: 2012-07-31 Last updated: 2013-01-23Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Biomimetic Deposition of Hydroxyapatite on Titanium Implant Materials
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Biomimetic Deposition of Hydroxyapatite on Titanium Implant Materials
2012 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The clinical success of a bone-anchored implant is controlled by many factors such as implant shape, chemical composition, mechanical and surface properties. The surface properties (e.g. charge, wettability and roughness) are considered to be important parameters for the biological acceptance of the biomaterial, whereas the bulk properties control the biomechanical behaviour. For implants designed to be used in load-bearing applications in the skeletal system, the biomaterial should preferably integrate into bone tissue for a long lasting function. Lack of integration between the implant and bone increases the risk of micromotions, infections, soft tissue encapsulation, which all reduces the survival rate of the implant and makes revision surgery necessary. Coatings and surface modifications can be used to tailor properties of implant surfaces, and further improve the potential bone bonding and bone in-growth, compared to unmodified surfaces. A biomimetic method, developed by Kokubo, can be used to prepare a hydroxyapatite coating on to titanium substrates. The method is based on a solution based process where the compositions of the soaking medium and thus the formed coatings can be controlled. In this thesis, titanium (oxide) surfaces have been tailored via deposition of ion substituted hydroxyapatite coatings. Biologically relevant ions like strontium, silicon and fluoride were incorporated into apatite coatings. The substrates included well-defined rutile single crystals, as well as poly-crystalline titanium oxide surfaces and experimental Ti implants. The results showed that incorporation of substitute ions alters the morphology, crystallinity, composition and dissolution rates of apatite coatings. The in vivo effects of the ion substituted apatite coatings were also studied. The results showed that the ion substituted apatite coatings have good biocompatibility and can promote early bone formation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2012. 57 p.
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 986
National Category
Bio Materials
Research subject
Materials Science
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-183345 (URN)978-91-554-8510-8 (ISBN)
Public defence
2012-12-06, Polacksbacken 2146, Ångströmslaboratoriet, Lägerhyddsvägen 1, Uppsala, 10:15 (Swedish)
Available from: 2012-11-16 Created: 2012-10-24 Last updated: 2013-01-23Bibliographically approved

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Xia, WeiLindahl, CarlEngqvist, Håkan
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