Tamoxifen Modulates Cell Migration and Expression of Angiogenesis-Related Genes in Human Endometrial Endothelial Cells
2012 (English)In: American Journal of Pathology, ISSN 0002-9440, E-ISSN 1525-2191, Vol. 180, no 6, 2527-2535 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The selective estrogen receptor modulator tamoxifen is used for the prevention and treatment of breast cancer. The adverse effects of tamoxifen include vaginal endometrial bleeding, endometrial hyperplasia, and cancer, conditions associated with angiogenesis. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of tamoxifen on cell migration and angiogenesis-related gene expression in human endometrial endothelial cells (HEECs). The regulatory effects of tamoxifen on endometrial stromal cells and HEECs were also examined. HEECs and stromal cells were isolated and grown In monocultures or co-cultures, and incubated with 0.1 to 100 mu mol/L tamoxifen for 48 hours. Quantitative PCR demonstrated that tamoxifen decreased the mRNA expression of vascular endothelial growth factor-A (VEGF-A) and increased the mRNA expression of VEGF receptor-1 and placental growth factor (PLGF) in HEECs. Tamoxifen's effects on VEGF-A were inhibited when HEECs were co-cultured with stromal cells. In addition, tamoxifen reduced VEGF-induced HEEC migration. The tamoxifen-metabolizing enzymes CYP1A1 and CYP1B1 were detected by immunohistochemistry in and around endometrial blood vessels and by quantitative PCR in HEECs. Our data suggest that tamoxifen changes the regulation of angiogenesis in the endometrium, likely by reducing angiogenic activity. The results also indicate that endometrial stromal cells regulate some of tamoxifen's effects in HEECs, and the presence of tamoxifen-metabolizing enzymes suggests tamoxifen bioactivation in the endometrial vasculature in vivo. These findings may help to elucidate the mechanism of the bleeding disturbances associated with tamoxifen treatment.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 180, no 6, 2527-2535 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-178684DOI: 10.1016/j.ajpath.2012.02.026ISI: 000305101300034OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-178684DiVA: diva2:542631