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Insulin receptor substrate-2 gene variants in subjects with metabolic syndrome: Association with plasma monounsaturated and n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid levels and insulin resistance
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2012 (English)In: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research, ISSN 1613-4125, E-ISSN 1613-4133, Vol. 56, no 2, 309-315 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Scope: Several insulin receptor substrate-2 (IRS-2) polymorphisms have been studied in relation to insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. To examine whether the genetic variability at the IRS-2 gene locus was associated with the degree of insulin resistance and plasma fatty acid levels in metabolic syndrome (MetS) subjects.

Methods and results: Insulin sensitivity, insulin secretion, glucose effectiveness, plasma fatty acid composition and three IRS-2 tag-single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were determined in 452 MetS subjects. Among subjects with the lowest level of monounsaturated (MUFA) (below the median), the rs2289046 A/A genotype was associated with lower glucose effectiveness (p < 0.038), higher fasting insulin concentrations (p < 0.028) and higher HOMA IR (p < 0.038) as compared to subjects carrying the minor G-allele (A/G and G/G). In contrast, among subjects with the highest level of MUFA (above the median), the A/A genotype was associated with lower fasting insulin concentrations and HOMA-IR, whereas individuals carrying the G allele and with the highest level of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (above the median) showed lower fasting insulin (p < 0.01) and HOMA-IR (p < 0.02) as compared with A/A subjects.

Conclusion: The rs2289046 polymorphism at the IRS2 gene locus may influence insulin sensitivity by interacting with certain plasma fatty acids in MetS subjects.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 56, no 2, 309-315 p.
Keyword [en]
Fatty acids, Metabolic syndrome, Nutrigenomics, n-3 PUFA, Polymorphism
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-178939DOI: 10.1002/mnfr.201100504ISI: 000305065900012OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-178939DiVA: diva2:542836
Available from: 2012-08-03 Created: 2012-08-02 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved

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Karlström, Brita

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