Prevention of cardiovascular disease after renal transplantation
2012 (English)In: Current Opinion in Organ Transplantation, ISSN 1087-2418, E-ISSN 1531-7013, Vol. 17, no 4, 393-400 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Purpose of review After renal transplantation, cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death with a functioning graft. Guidelines for prevention of CVD are mainly based on data from the general population. The purpose of this review is to give a practical approach on prevention of CVD in renal transplant recipients.
Recent findings New epidemiological data have shown that in addition to traditional risk factors for CVD, other risk factors may influence cardiovascular risk in renal transplant recipients. Recently, a specific risk calculator for CVD in renal transplant recipients has been developed. Prevention of CVD in renal transplant recipients should include lifestyle modifications, such as prevention of overweight, smoking cessation and physical exercise. Optimal treatment of hypertension, lipid disturbances and posttransplant diabetes should be encouraged. Accumulating evidence indicates that declining graft function and graft loss are potentially modifiable risk factors in this population, which make strategies for preserving graft function important. This situation may include individual tailoring of immunosuppression and use of new immunosuppressive medications with a more favorable effect on cardiovascular risk factors and graft function.
Summary To prevent CVD in renal transplant recipients, cardiovascular risk assessment should be performed regularly. Prevention should include both lifestyle modifications, optimal treatment of cardiovascular risk factors and strategies to preserve graft function.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 17, no 4, 393-400 p.
cardiovascular disease, immunosuppression, renal transplantation
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-179611DOI: 10.1097/MOT.0b013e3283560a3bISI: 000306483100010OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-179611DiVA: diva2:545487