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Gender equality in the Turkish Parliament: Field study based on NGOs and MPs personal expierences
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Russian and Eurasian Studies.
2012 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 80 credits / 120 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Gender equality is important for a country´s development. Turkey want to be a full member of the EU, gender equality is therefore an important factor to investigate. This research paper aims to address the reasons for women´s low representation in the decision-making positions, mainly in the Turkish Parliament. The purpose is to understand what casual mechanisms that impact the women representation at the national level in the Turkish Parliament.  The research methods is carried out with in-depth interviews namely, semi-structured interviews in Turkey with four Members of Parliament, a gender-expert lawyer and three women´s organizations namely, Kadin Adaylari Destekleme Dernegi and Ucan Süpürge, while the interview with Türk Üniversiteli Kadinlar Dernegi consists of group interview. Furthermore relevant literature was used in order to complement the interviews. The overreaching theoretical framework used in the thesis consists of gender theory and complementary different concept definitions, namely, Culture Matters, Low representation of Women, Modernization and Patriarchy. These concepts have been the foundation of the analysis and have added understanding of the reasons for women´s low representation in the Turkish Parliament. The common perception of the interviewees to solutions were quotas, increase the education, to start with democracy first in the family, make the society aware of the problem of gender inequality. The main conclusions drawn from this research were that the government and the NGOs are aware of the problems on gender equality; they are working together to combat the inequality between sexes. The government is also aware of that they have reached a certain level of gender equality in the Parliament compared to the last decades. The process of gender equality is slowly developing but there is a will to achieve gender equality in the Turkish Parliament. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 73 p.
Abstracts of Uppsala dissertations from the Faculty of Social Sciences, ISSN 0346-6426
Keyword [en]
Turkey, Gender Equality, Education, Women´s Low Representation
Keyword [sv]
Turkiet, Jämställdhet, Kvinnors låga representation, Utbildning
National Category
Social Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-180170OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-180170DiVA: diva2:548526
2012-05-29, Uppsala, 10:08 (English)
Social and Behavioural Science, Law
Available from: 2016-08-29 Created: 2012-08-31 Last updated: 2016-08-29Bibliographically approved

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