Understanding the effect of single fracture heterogeneity from single well injection withdrawal (SWIW) tests
2013 (English)In: Hydrogeology Journal, ISSN 1431-2174, E-ISSN 1435-0157, Vol. 21, no 8, 1691-1700 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The single well injection withdrawal (SWIW) tracer test on a fracture or fracture zone is a method used to estimate its tracer retardation properties. In this study, the effects of single fracture aperture heterogeneity on SWIW test tracer breakthrough curves are examined by numerical modelling. The effects of the matrix diffusion and sorption is accounted for by using a particle tracking method through the addition of a time delay added to the advective transport time. For a given diffusion and sorption property value (Pm) and for a heterogeneous fracture, the peak concentration is larger compared to a homogeneous fracture. The cumulative breakthrough curve for a heterogeneous fracture is similar to that for a homogeneous fracture and a less sorptive/diffusive tracer. It is demonstrated that the fracture area that meets the flowing water, the so-called specific flow-wetted surface (sFWS) of the fracture, can be determined by comparing the observed breakthrough curve for a heterogeneous fracture with that for a homogeneous fracture. SWIW tests are also simulated with a regional pressure gradient present. The results point to the possibility of distinguishing the effect of the regional pressure gradient from that of diffusion through the use of multiple tracers with different Pm-values.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York: Springer-Verlag New York, 2013. Vol. 21, no 8, 1691-1700 p.
tracer test, SWIW test, flow channelling, flow-wetted surface, fractured rock, aperture heterogeneity
Oceanography, Hydrology, Water Resources
Research subject Hydrology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-180408DOI: 10.1007/s10040-013-0988-xISI: 000327391000002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-180408DiVA: diva2:550047