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Safety And Power Multiplication Aspects Of Mirror Fusion-Fission Hybrids
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Electricity.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Electricity.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Electricity.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Electricity.
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2012 (English)In: Fusion for Neutrons and Subcritical Nuclear Fission: Proceedings of the International Conference / [ed] Jan Källne, Dimitri Ryutov, Giuseppe Gorini, Carlo Sozzi, Marco Tardocchi, 2012, 186-198 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Recently, in a research project at Uppsala University a simplified neutronic model for a straight field line mirror hybrid has been devised and its most important operation parameters have been calculated under the constraints of a fission power production of 3 GW and that the effective multiplication factor k(eff) does not exceed 0.95. The model can be considered as representative for hybrids driven by other types of mirrors too. In order to reduce the demand on the fusion power of the mirror, a modified option of the hybrid has been considered that generates a reduced fission power of 1.5 GW with an increased maximal value k(eff) = 0.97. The present paper deals with nuclear safety aspects of this type of hybrids. It presents and discusses calculation results of reactivity effects as well as of driver effects.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. 186-198 p.
Series
AIP Conference Proceedings, ISSN 0094-243X ; 1442
Keyword [en]
Fusion-fission hybrid, Mirror plasma device, Spent nuclear fuel, Nuclear safety, MCNP5 calculations
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Research subject
Engineering Science with specialization in Science of Electricity
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-181209DOI: 10.1063/1.4706868ISI: 000306895100021ISBN: 978-0-7354-1038-1 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-181209DiVA: diva2:556105
Conference
International Workshop on Fusion Neutrons and Subcritical Nuclear Fission (FUNFI), SEP 12-15, 2011, Varenna, ITALY
Available from: 2012-09-24 Created: 2012-09-19 Last updated: 2016-04-21Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Coil Design and Related Studies for the Fusion-Fission Reactor Concept SFLM Hybrid
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Coil Design and Related Studies for the Fusion-Fission Reactor Concept SFLM Hybrid
2012 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

A fusion-fission (hybrid) reactor is a combination of a fusion device and a subcritical fission reactor, where the fusion device acts as a neutron source and the power is mainly produced in the fission core. Hybrid reactors may be suitable for transmutation of transuranic isotopes in the spent nuclear fuel, due to the safety margin on criticality imposed by the subcritical fission core. The SFLM Hybrid project is a theoretical project that aims to point out the possibilities with steady-state mirror-based hybrid reactors. The quadrupolar magnetic mirror vacuum field is based on the Straight Field Line Mirror field and the central cell is 25 m long. A fission mantle surrounds the mirror cell. The fission to fusion power ratio is about 150 with keff = 0.97, implying that almost all the produced energy comes from fission. Beyond each mirror end magnetic expanders are located, which increase the plasma receiving “divertor” area and provide tolerable heat load on wall materials. The plasma is heated with ion cyclotron radio frequency heating and the fission mantle is cooled using a liquid lead-bismuth eutectic. The device is self-sufficient in tritium, and does not seem to suffer from severe material problems. A remaining issue may be the plasma electron temperature, which need to reach about 500 eV for efficient power production.  In this doctoral thesis, theoretical work has been done with the magnetic coil system of such a device and also with the overall concept. A new coil type, the fishbone coil, suitable for single cell quadrupolar mirrors, has been invented. Two vacuum field coil sets with satisfying properties have been found, where the most recent coil set consists of fishbone coils. Finite ß effects on the magnetic field have been investigated, showing that the flux tube ellipticity increases with ß. The ellipticity of the vacuum field increases slightly with radius, but with finite ß it decreases with radius. The maximum flux surface radial extensions decrease with ß, which is an unexpected and beneficial result. A radial invariant has also been identified, and particle simulations have been made to emphasize that quadrupolar mirrors must be symmetric or confinement may be lost.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2012. 138 p.
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 991
Keyword
Fusion, Fission, Hybrid reactor, Actinides, Mirror Machine, Quadrupolar mirror, Coils
National Category
Fusion, Plasma and Space Physics
Research subject
Physics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-183362 (URN)978-91-554-8521-4 (ISBN)
Public defence
2012-12-10, Polhemssalen, Ångströmslaboratoriet, Lägerhyddsv. 1, Uppsala, 10:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2012-11-19 Created: 2012-10-24 Last updated: 2013-01-23Bibliographically approved

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Noack, KlausÅgren, OlovKällne, JanHagnestål, Anders

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