Cochlear implantation and hearing preservation: results in 21 consecutively operated patients using the round window approach
2012 (English)In: Acta Oto-Laryngologica, ISSN 0001-6489, Vol. 132, no 9, 923-931 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Prevalent hearing conservation may be achieved after round window (RW) cochlear implantation using soft and flexible electrode arrays if variations of RW anatomy, topography, and facial nerve position are considered. The most favorable electrode insertion depth remains to be established.
We assessed the incidence of cochlear function after cochlear implant (CI) electrode insertion through the RW in our first 21 consecutively operated patients aimed at hearing conservation.
Eleven patients had a preoperative low frequency hearing suitable for electro-acoustic stimulation. Hearing was preserved in an additional nine patients at their request with the intention to use full frequency CI stimulation. Anatomic variations of the RW were carefully considered using our temporal bone collection of micro-dissected ears. Electrode extension was assessed on X-ray by measuring the insertion angle of the first electrode and intra-cochlear length and correlated with audiometric data.
There was no incidence of total loss of residual hearing in any of the patients. A slight deterioration of low frequency thresholds occurred in some patients. Mean hearing loss at 125-500 Hz was 14.4 dB at 1 month following surgery and 15.6 dB after 1 year. Insertion angle (300-540°) and depth (17.5-28.5 mm) were not statistically correlated to hearing loss.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 132, no 9, 923-931 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-181696DOI: 10.3109/00016489.2012.680198ISI: 000307995600003PubMedID: 22667762OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-181696DiVA: diva2:557388