Comparison of computed tomography and autopsy in detection of injuries after unsuccessful cardiopulmonary resuscitation
2013 (English)In: Resuscitation, ISSN 0300-9572, E-ISSN 1873-1570, Vol. 84, no 3, 357-360 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Computed tomography (CT) has been suggested as an aid or even a replacement for autopsy. The aim of this trial was to study the conformity of the two methods in finding injuries in non-surviving patients after unsuccessful cardiopulmonary resuscitation.
In this prospective study, 31 patients were submitted to a CT prior to autopsy after unsuccessful resuscitation attempts. Pathological findings were noted by both the radiologist and the pathologists in a specified protocol. The pathologists and radiologist were blinded from each other's results.
CT and autopsy revealed rib fractures in 22 and 24 patients respectively (kappa=0.83). In 8 patients, CT revealed more rib fractures than autopsy; and in 12 patients, autopsy revealed more rib fractures than CT. In 7 patients, neither method showed any rib fractures. The mean difference between the two methods in detecting rib fractures was 0.16 (S.D.: ±3.174, limits of agreement: -6.19 to 6.51). The kappa value for sternal fractures was 0.49. A total of 260 pathological findings were noted by CT and 244 by autopsy. The average patient showed a median of 9 injuries (every fracture counted as one injury), independent of the method used in detecting the injuries.
There was a strong concordance between the two methods in finding rib fractures but not sternal fractures and these results support the concept of CT as a valuable complement to autopsy in detecting rib fractures after unsuccessful cardiopulmonary resuscitation but not as a replacement. Other injuries did not show the same concordance.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 84, no 3, 357-360 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-182251DOI: 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2012.06.023ISI: 000318164200025PubMedID: 22776515OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-182251DiVA: diva2:559165