A comparison of perceived occupational gaps between people with stress-related ill health or musculoskeletal pain and a reference group
2012 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014, Vol. 19, no 5, 411-420 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Aim: To describe and compare how occupational gaps were reported in everyday occupations in a rehabilitation group of people with musculoskeletal pain or stress-related ill health and in a reference group from the Swedish population.
Method: Seventy-two persons with musculoskeletal pain or stress-related ill health and 261 people from the Swedish population were included. The Occupational Gaps Questionnaire, measuring to what extent individuals perceive a discrepancy between what they want to do and what they actually do, was completed by the participants. Descriptive statistics were used to analyse the data.
Results: Occupational gaps were reported more often in the rehabilitation group. Leisure activities were the gaps reported most often. The occupational repertoire seemed to decrease over time as the number of activities was decreasing, particularly leisure and work-related activities. Instrumental ADL were more desirable as the length of sick leave extended.
Conclusions: Being on sick leave appears to start a process towards occupational deprivation where the areas that remain in the occupational repertoire become more important. Our study highlights the need to emphasize the whole occupational repertoire in rehabilitation and to facilitate engagement in valued activities to create a sound base for the process of returning to work.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 19, no 5, 411-420 p.
activities of daily living, occupational repertoire, rehabilitation, sick leave
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-182018DOI: 10.3109/11038128.2011.620984ISI: 000307993200004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-182018DiVA: diva2:559186