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Two sides of deprofessionalization: governance changes, municipalization reforms & the impact on teachers and social workers in Sweden
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History.
2012 (English)Conference paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In the late 1980s and early 1990s several public management and governance reforms challenged the discretion of public sector professions such as teachers and social workers in Sweden. The reforms meant occupational decentralization for both welfare state professions, but resulted in differing outcomes. Municipalization of the teaching profession (Kommunaliseringen av lärarkåren) in 1991 was implemented despite professional opposition and led to increased professional steering, whereas the Municipalization of social care, such as the mental health reform (Psykiatrireformen) in 1995 was characterized by low levels of state steering of professional roles. The following article discusses why seemingly similar reforms used different governance strategies for the two welfare professions: teachers and social workers. It also analyzes why both professions appear to have been deprofessionalized as a consequence of decentralization reforms, despite the divergent professional governance strategies and not least because the decentralization usually reduces the state’s opportunities for directly steering professional work.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. 19- p.
Keyword [en]
Professions, New Public Management, Municipalization, Teachers, Social Workers
National Category
Public Administration Studies History
Research subject
Political Science; History
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-182575OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-182575DiVA: diva2:560082
Nordic Network for Professions Research Conference
Demokrati och deprofessionalisering
Swedish Research Council, 2004-2706
Available from: 2012-10-11 Created: 2012-10-11 Last updated: 2014-06-23Bibliographically approved

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