Conductance of recombinant GABA (A) channels is increased in cells co-expressing GABA(A) receptor-associated protein.
2004 (English)In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, ISSN 0021-9258, E-ISSN 1083-351X, Vol. 279, no 21, 21701-6 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
High conductance gamma-aminobutyric acid type A (GABA(A)) channels (>40 picosiemens (pS)) have been reported in some studies on GABA(A) channels in situ but not in others, whereas recombinant GABA(A) channels do not appear to display conductances above 40 pS. Furthermore, the conductance of some native GABA(A) channels can be increased by diazepam or pentobarbital, which are effects not reported for expressed GABA(A) channels. GABARAP, a protein associated with native GABA(A) channels, has been reported to cause clustering of GABA(A) receptors and changes in channel kinetics. We have recorded single channel currents activated by GABA in L929 cells expressing alpha(1), beta(1), and gamma(2S) subunits of human GABA(A) receptors. Channel conductance was never higher than 40 pS and was not significantly increased by diazepam or pentobarbital, although open probability was increased. In contrast, in cells expressing the same three subunits together with GABARAP, channel conductance could be significantly higher than 40 pS, and channel conductance was increased by diazepam and pentobarbital. GABARAP caused clustering of receptors in L929 cells, and we suggest that there may be interactions between subunits of clustered GABA(A) receptors that make them open co-operatively to give high conductance "channels." Recombinant channels may require the influence of GABARAP and perhaps other intracellular proteins to adopt a fuller repertoire of properties of native channels.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 279, no 21, 21701-6 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-182711DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M312806200PubMedID: 15007071OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-182711DiVA: diva2:560619