Mutating the highly conserved second membrane-spanning region 9' leucine residue in the alpha(1) or beta(1) subunit produces subunit-specific changes in the function of human alpha(1)beta(1) gamma-aminobutyric Acid(A) receptors.
2000 (English)In: Molecular Pharmacology, ISSN 0026-895X, E-ISSN 1521-0111, Vol. 57, no 5, 875-82 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The properties of the human alpha(1)beta(1) gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)(A) receptors were investigated after mutation of a highly conserved leucine residue at the 9' position in the second membrane-spanning region (TM2). The role of this residue in alpha(1) and beta(1) subunits was examined by mutating the 9' leucine to phenylalanine, tyrosine, or alanine. The mutations were in either the alpha(1) subunit (alpha*beta), the beta(1) subunit (alphabeta*), or in both subunits (alpha*beta*), and the receptors were expressed in Sf9 cells. Our results show that the rate of desensitization is increased as the size and hydrophobicity of the 9' residue in the alpha(1) subunit is increased: Y, F > L > A, T. Mutation of L9' in only the beta(1) subunit (alphabeta*) to either phenylalanine or tyrosine increased the EC(50) value for GABA at least 100 times, but the EC(50) was unchanged in alphabeta* alanine mutants. In the 9' alpha(1) mutants (alpha*beta, alpha*beta*) the GABA EC(50) was minimally affected. In alpha*beta and alpha*beta*, but not alphabeta*, the peak currents evoked by millimolar concentrations of GABA were greatly reduced. The reduction in currents could only be partially accounted for by decreased expression of the receptors These findings suggest different roles for the two types of subunits in GABA activation and later desensitization of alpha(1)beta(1) receptors. In addition, an increase in the resting membrane conductance was recorded in alanine but not in phenylalanine and tyrosine mutants, indicating that the side chain size at the 9' position is a major determinant of current flow in the closed conformation.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2000. Vol. 57, no 5, 875-82 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-182735PubMedID: 10779369OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-182735DiVA: diva2:560708