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Lipid profiles and the risk of endometrial cancer in the Swedish AMORIS study
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Endocrine Surgery.
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2012 (English)In: International journal of molecular epidemiology and genetics, ISSN 1948-1756, Vol. 3, no 2, 122-133 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]


While the association between obesity and endometrial cancer (EC) is well established, the underlying mechanisms require further study. We assessed possible links between lipid profiles and EC risk, while also taking into account BMI, parity, and menopausal status at baseline.


Using the information available from the Swedish Apolipoprotein MOrtality RISk (AMORIS) study we created a cohort of 225,432 women with baseline values for glucose, triglycerides (TG), and total cholesterol (TC). Two subgroups of 31,792 and 26,317 had, in addition, baseline measurements of HDL, LDL, apolipoprotein A-I and apoB and BMI, respectively. We used Multivariate Cox proportional hazards models to analyze quartiles and dichotomized values of these lipid components for a link to EC risk.


During mean follow-up of 12 years (SD: 4.15), 1,144 persons developed endometrial cancer. A statistically significant association was found between TG and EC risk when using both quartiles and a clinical cut-off (Hazard Ratio (HR): 1.10 (95%CI: 0.88-1.37), 1.34 (1.09-1.63), and 1.57 (1.28-1.92)) for the 2(nd), 3(rd), and 4(th) quartile, compared to the 1(st), with P-value for trend: <0.001). The association remained after exclusion of the first three years of follow-up. Also total cholesterol and TG/HDL ratio were positively associated with EC risk, but no link was found for the other lipid components studied.


This detailed analysis of lipid components showed a consistent relation between TG levels and EC risk. Future research should continue to analyze the metabolic pathway and its relation to EC risk, as a pathway to further understand the relation of obesity and disease.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 3, no 2, 122-133 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-182967PubMedID: 22724049OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-182967DiVA: diva2:561585
Available from: 2012-10-19 Created: 2012-10-19 Last updated: 2012-12-04Bibliographically approved

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Garmo, HansHolmberg, Lars
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