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Newborns of mothers with intellectual disability have a higher risk of perinatal death and being small-for-gestational age
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Obstetrics and Gynaecology.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Obstetrics and Gynaecology.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Obstetrics and Gynaecology.
2012 (English)In: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6349, E-ISSN 1600-0412, Vol. 91, no 12, 1409-1414 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective.

To study mode of birth, perinatal health and death in children born to mothers with intellectual disability (ID) in Sweden.

Design.

Population based register study.

Setting.

National registers; the National Patient Register linked to the Medical Birth Register.

Sample.

Children of first-time mothers with ID (n = 326) (classified in the ICD 8–10) were identified and compared to 340 624 children of first-time mothers without ID or any other psychiatric diagnosis during 1999 and 2007.

Methods.

Population-based data were extracted from the National Patient Register and the Medical Birth Register.

Main Outcome Measures.

Mode of birth, preterm birth, small-for-gestational age, Apgar score, stillbirth and perinatal death.

Results.

Children born to mothers with ID were more often stillborn (1.2% vs. 0.3%) or died perinatally (1.8% vs. 0.4%) than children born to mothers without ID. They had a higher proportion of cesarean section birth (24.5% vs. 17.7%), preterm birth (12.2% vs. 6.1%), were small-for-gestational age (8.4% vs. 3.1%) and had lower Apgar scores <7 points at 5 minutes (3.7% vs 1.5%), compared to children born to mother without ID. Logistic regression adjusted for maternal characteristics confirmed an increased risk of small-for-gestational age (odds ratio 2.25), stillbirth (odds ratio 4.53) and perinatal death (odds ratio 4.25) in children born to mothers with ID.

Conclusions.

Unborn and newborn children of mothers with ID should be considered a risk group, and their mothers may need better individual-based care and support.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 91, no 12, 1409-1414 p.
National Category
Clinical Medicine
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-183015DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0412.2012.01537.xISI: 000312032700009OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-183015DiVA: diva2:561702
Available from: 2012-10-20 Created: 2012-10-20 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Pregnancy, Childbirth and Midwifery Care among Women with Intellectual Disability in Sweden: Epidemiological and Descriptive Studies
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Pregnancy, Childbirth and Midwifery Care among Women with Intellectual Disability in Sweden: Epidemiological and Descriptive Studies
2012 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The overall aim of this thesis was to investigate pregnancy and childbirth in women with intellectual disability (ID), in Sweden, the health of their newborns and midwifery care for these women. Two register studies and two descriptive studies are included. Pregnancy and birth outcomes as well as data on the newborns’ health were examined by linking data from the National Patient Register and the Medical Birth Register (I-II). The women’s experience of pregnancy and delivery was investigated with repeated interviews (III). Midwives’ knowledge of, experience of and attitudes towards pregnancy and childbirth in women with ID were evaluated with questionnaires (IV). Mothers with ID were more often teenagers, smoked more during pregnancy and had more Caesarean Sections. Their children had a higher proportion of pre-term births, were small-for-gestational-age, stillborn or died in the perinatal period. The women with ID struggled to attain motherhood and feared to lose custody of the child. The pregnancy was seen as a happy event, even though relatives did not always approve. Parent education was considered important, but not adequately adapted to their needs. The birth process was overwhelming and difficult to understand, but the child was welcomed with warm feelings, and breastfeeding was natural. Midwives stated it was different to care for women with ID and requested additional knowledge. The majority of midwives affirmed that women with ID could not manage the mother role satisfactorily, and one-third expressed that women with ID should refrain from having children. A majority of the midwives considered that the children should grow up with the parents with support from family and society, but one out of five stated that the children should grow up in foster care.

Conclusion: Women with ID and their children should be considered as risk groups in pregnancy and childbirth. Professionals in maternity services need to elucidate their knowledge and skills for counselling and supporting this particular group of pregnant women in pre-, intra- and post-partum care.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2012. 61 p.
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Medicine, ISSN 1651-6206 ; 832
Keyword
pregnancy, delivery, women, intellectual disability, newborn health, experience, knowledge, attitudes, education
National Category
Clinical Medicine
Research subject
Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-183388 (URN)978-91-554-8515-3 (ISBN)
Public defence
2012-12-07, Auditorium Minus, Akademigatan 3, Uppsala, 09:15 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2012-11-16 Created: 2012-10-25 Last updated: 2013-01-23

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Höglund, BeritLindgren, PeterLarsson, Margareta

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