Simultaneous population optimal design for pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic experiments.
2005 (English)In: The AAPS journal, ISSN 1550-7416, Vol. 7, no 4, E759-85 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Multiple outputs or measurement types are commonly gathered in biological experiments. Often, these experiments are expensive (such as clinical drug trials) or require careful design to achieve the desired information content. Optimal experimental design protocols could help alleviate the cost and increase the accuracy of these experiments. In general, optimal design techniques ignore between-individual variability, but even work that incorporates it (population optimal design) has treated simultaneous multiple output experiments separately by computing the optimal design sequentially, first finding the optimal design for one output (eg, a pharmacokinetic [PK] measurement) and then determining the design for the second output (eg, a pharmacodynamic [PD] measurement). Theoretically, this procedure can lead to biased and imprecise results when the second model parameters are also included in the first model (as in PK-PD models). We present methods and tools for simultaneous population D-optimal experimental designs, which simultaneously compute the design of multiple output experiments, allowing for correlation between model parameters. We then apply these methods to simulated PK-PD experiments. We compare the new simultaneous designs to sequential designs that first compute the PK design, fix the PK parameters, and then compute the PD design in an experiment. We find that both population designs yield similar results in designs for low sample number experiments, with simultaneous designs being possibly superior in situations in which the number of samples is unevenly distributed between outputs. Simultaneous population D-optimality is a potentially useful tool in the emerging field of experimental design.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 7, no 4, E759-85 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-183459DOI: 10.1208/aapsj070476PubMedID: 16594631OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-183459DiVA: diva2:562843