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Connective tissue growth factor enhances keratinocyte adhesion to fibronectin and promotes migration through integrin alpha5/beta1
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Plastic Surgery.
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2012 (English)In: Journal of the American College of Surgeons, ISSN 1072-7515, E-ISSN 1879-1190, Vol. 215, no 3, S81-S82 p.Article in journal, Meeting abstract (Other academic) Published
Abstract [en]

Introduction: We have previously shown that connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) promotes keratinocyte migration during re-epithelialization. In this study, we investigated whether the CTGF-driven migration involved integrin alpha-5/beta-1 - the principal ligand for fibronectin (FN).

Methods: Adhesions assays were performed by coating wells with 10 ug/mL FN or phosphate buffered saline (PBS). Keratinocytes were seeded in the presence or absence of 200 ng/mL CTGF, 5 mmol/L EDTA, 10 mmol/L Mg2+, 10 ug/mL anti-integrin alpha-5/beta-1-blocking antibody. Chemotaxsis assays were performed using a modified Boyden chamber. Keratinocytes were pre-incubated with alpha-5/beta-1-antibodies or mouse-IgG for 30 minute, and migration in the absence or presence of 200 ng/mL CTGF was measured. Cells were stained and absorbance was measured at 570 nm. A value of 1 was assigned to untreated cells.

Results: Cell adhesion increased 1.5 ± 0.3 folds in wells coated with FN compared to PBS. CTGF enhanced cell adhesion 2.1 ± 0.3 folds, while EDTA reduced CTGF mediated cell adhesion to baseline (1.1 ± 0.2). The addition of the divalent cation Mg2+ restored CTGF-induced adhesion, indicating involvement of integrins. Integrin alpha-5/beta-1-blocking antibodies reversed CTGF-enhanced binding (1.1 ± 0.2). Consistent with the cell adhesion data, CTGF-induced migration was reduced to 1.5 ± 0.3 by anti-integrin alpha-5/beta-1 antibodies compared to the 2.0 ± 0.6 fold increase seen with 200 ng/mL CTGF.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 215, no 3, S81-S82 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-183444DOI: 10.1016/j.jamcollsurg.2012.06.221ISI: 000308909600172OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-183444DiVA: diva2:562859
98th Annual Clinical Congress of the American-College-of-Surgeons/67th Annual Sessions of the Owen H Wangensteen Forum on Fundamental Surgical Problems, SEP 30-OCT 04, 2012, Chicago, IL
Available from: 2012-10-26 Created: 2012-10-26 Last updated: 2012-10-26Bibliographically approved

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