Surface Characterization of the Carbon Cathode and the Lithium Anode of Li-O2 Batteries using LiClO4 or LiBOB salts
2013 (English)In: ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, ISSN 1944-8244, Vol. 5, no 4, 1333-1341 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The surface compositions of a MnO2 catalyst containing carbon cathode and a Li anode in a Li–O2 battery were investigated using synchrotron-based photoelectron spectroscopy (PES). Electrolytes comprising LiClO4 or LiBOB salts in PC or EC:DEC (1:1) solvents were used for this study. Decomposition products from LiClO4 or LiBOB were observed on the cathode surface when using PC. However, no degradation of LiClO4 was detected when using EC/DEC. We have demonstrated that both PC and EC/DEC solvents decompose during the cell cycling to form carbonate and ether containing compounds on the surface of the carbon cathode. However, EC/DEC decomposed to a lesser degree compared to PC. PES revealed that a surface layer with a thickness of at least 1–2 nm remained on the MnO2 catalyst at the end of the charged state. It was shown that the detachment of Kynar binder influences the surface composition of both the carbon cathode and the Li anode of Li–O2 cells. The PES results indicated that in the charged state the SEI on the Li anode is composed of PEO, carboxylates, carbonates, and LiClO4 salt.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Chemical Society (ACS), 2013. Vol. 5, no 4, 1333-1341 p.
Li-O2 battery, XPS, Carbon Cathode, Lithium Anode, Perchlorate, Lithium/Air, Photoelectron Spectroscopy, lithium bis(oxalato)borate
Materials Chemistry Physical Chemistry Inorganic Chemistry
Research subject Chemistry with specialization in Inorganic Chemistry
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-183885DOI: 10.1021/am3026129ISI: 000315619100022OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-183885DiVA: diva2:564954