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A role for serglycin proteoglycan in granular retention and processing of mast cell secretory granule components
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Microbiology.
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Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Microbiology.
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2006 (English)In: The FEBS Journal, ISSN 1742-464X, E-ISSN 1742-4658, Vol. 273, no 21, 4901-4912 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In the absence of serglycin proteoglycans, connective tissue-type mast cells fail to assemble mature metachromatic secretory granules, and this is accompanied by a markedly reduced ability to store neutral proteases. However, the mechanisms behind these phenomena are not known. In this study, we addressed these issues by studying the functionality and morphology of secretory granules as well as the fate of the secretory granule proteases in bone marrow-derived mast cells from serglycin(+/+) and serglycin(-/-) mice. We show that functional secretory vesicles are formed in both the presence and absence of serglycin, but that dense core formation is defective in serglycin(-/-) mast cell granules. The low levels of mast cell proteases present in serglycin(-/-) cells had a granular location, as judged by immunohistochemistry, and were released following exposure to calcium ionophore, indicating that they were correctly targeted into secretory granules even in the absence of serglycin. In the absence of serglycin, the fates of the serglycin-dependent proteases differed, including preferential degradation, exocytosis or defective intracellular processing. In contrast, beta-hexosaminidase storage and release was not dependent on serglycin. Together, these findings indicate that the reduced amounts of neutral proteases in the absence of serglycin is not caused by missorting into the constitutive pathway of secretion, but rather that serglycin may be involved in the retention of the proteases after their entry into secretory vesicles.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 273, no 21, 4901-4912 p.
National Category
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-183969DOI: 10.1111/j.1742-4658.2006.05489.xPubMedID: 17010166OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-183969DiVA: diva2:565111
Note

Frida Henningsson and Sonja Hergeth contributed equally to this work.

Available from: 2012-11-06 Created: 2012-11-06 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved

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