Southeast Asia and conflict prevention. Is ASEAN running out of steam?
2012 (English)In: The Pacific Review, ISSN 0951-2748, E-ISSN 1470-1332, Vol. 25, no 4, 403-427 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
If the assessment of ASEAN's success in the past is difficult, speculations on whether ASEAN will be a success will be close to impossibility. Yet this is what is intended in this article. However, this is done by first defining robust criteria of success of conflict prevention. Conflict prevention is successful if conflicts and battle deaths can be avoided, either by means of conflict resolution or transformation, or simply by means of conflict avoidance. By starting with this criterion the article will argue that ASEAN peacefulness cannot be explained by durable objective conditions. Instead, it is built on imagined realities. The imagined realities of the ASEAN Way are getting more difficult to sustain due to their interaction with material and normative/institutional developments. Many of the constructed foundations of the ASEAN Way are unsustainable in the new realities where communication has become easy and uncontrollable, and societies have become wealthier and more democratized. However, the article will show that evidence of existing conflict violence suggests that ASEAN has started to reformulate its approach to conflict prevention and that this has largely been successful.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 25, no 4, 403-427 p.
ASEAN, ASEAN Way, East Asian Peace, democracy, prosperity, Constructivism
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-183933DOI: 10.1080/09512748.2012.685094ISI: 000308986600001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-183933DiVA: diva2:565307