In Vivo Dog Intestinal Precipitation of Mebendazole: A Basic BCS Class II Drug
2012 (English)In: Molecular Pharmaceutics, ISSN 1543-8384, Vol. 9, no 10, 2903-2911 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The purpose of this study was to investigate in viva intestinal precipitation of a model drug mebendazole, a basic BCS class II drug, using dogs with intestinal stomas for administration or sampling. After oral administration of a solution with an expected intestinal supersaturation of approximately 20 times the solubility, the measured supersaturation in dog intestinal fluid (DIE) was up to 10 times and, on average, only 11% of the given dose was retrieved as solid drug in the collected fluid from the stoma. The drug was rapidly absorbed with >90% of the total systemic exposure reached within three hours after duodenal administration of a solution. In silico absorption modeling showed that in vivo data were reasonably well described by a nonprecipitating solution. An in vitro model of precipitation in DIF predicted that the intestinal concentration of dissolved mebendazole would be less than 1/5 of the initial concentration within 10 min at concentrations comparable to in vivo. It was concluded that intestinal precipitation did not have any major influence on mebendazole absorption. The extent of precipitation was overpredicted in vitro given the in vivo absorption rate, and further work is needed to identify in vitro factors that could enable more accurate in vivo predictions of intestinal precipitation from solutions.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 9, no 10, 2903-2911 p.
precipitation, gastrointestinal, in vitro/in vivo correlations (IVIVC), absorption, biopharmaceutics classification system, in silico prediction
Research subject Biopharmaceutics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-184462DOI: 10.1021/mp300224hISI: 000309314900012OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-184462DiVA: diva2:566637