Detection of Human Papillomavirus Among Women in Laos Feasibility of Using Filter Paper Card and Prevalence of High-Risk Types
2012 (English)In: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer, ISSN 1048-891X, E-ISSN 1525-1438, Vol. 22, no 8, 1398-1406 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Background: Persistent infection with high-risk (HR) human papillomavirus (HPV) is a well-recognized cause of cervical cancer, but little is known about the situation in Laos. The aims of the study were to determine the prevalence of HR-HPV among Lao women and to evaluate the use of a filter paper card (FTA Elute Micro Card) for collection of cervical cells in the humid tropical climate. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study including 1922 women from 3 provinces in Laos. During a gynecological examination, cervical cells were collected and applied to the FTA card followed by HPV typing using a real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based assay. Results: Overall, 213 of the 1922 women were positive for HR-HPV (11%). The most common type was the group HPV33/52/58 (3%), followed by the single type 16 (2%) and the group 18/45 (1%), respectively. Only 11 cards (0.6%) did not contain a sufficient amount of genomic DNA for polymerase chain reaction-based analysis. Conclusions: The prevalence of HR-HPV infections in Laos is similar to other Asian countries, and 40% of the women with an HR-HPV infection will be target of the present HPV vaccines. The FTA card is suitable for collection of cervical cells for HR-HPV typing in tropical conditions. This information is important for planning and establishing primary and secondary prevention of cervical cancer in Laos.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 22, no 8, 1398-1406 p.
Human papillomavirus, High-risk types, Cervical cancer, FTA card, Laos
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-185200DOI: 10.1097/IGC.0b013e3182664b6bISI: 000309543700021OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-185200DiVA: diva2:571426