Anchored phosphatases modulate glucose homeostasis
2012 (English)In: EMBO Journal, ISSN 0261-4189, E-ISSN 1460-2075, Vol. 31, no 20, 3991-4004 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Endocrine release of insulin principally controls glucose homeostasis. Nutrient-induced exocytosis of insulin granules from pancreatic beta-cells involves ion channels and mobilization of Ca2+ and cyclic AMP (cAMP) signalling pathways. Whole-animal physiology, islet studies and live-beta-cell imaging approaches reveal that ablation of the kinase/phosphatase anchoring protein AKAP150 impairs insulin secretion in mice. Loss of AKAP150 impacts L-type Ca2+ currents, and attenuates cytoplasmic accumulation of Ca2+ and cAMP in beta-cells. Yet surprisingly AKAP150 null animals display improved glucose handling and heightened insulin sensitivity in skeletal muscle. More refined analyses of AKAP150 knock-in mice unable to anchor protein kinase A or protein phosphatase 2B uncover an unexpected observation that tethering of phosphatases to a seven-residue sequence of the anchoring protein is the predominant molecular event underlying these metabolic phenotypes. Thus anchored signalling events that facilitate insulin secretion and glucose homeostasis may be set by AKAP150 associated phosphatase activity.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 31, no 20, 3991-4004 p.
A-kinase anchoring protein (AKAP), calcineurin (PP2B), cyclic-AMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA), glucoregulation, glucose-stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS)
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-185501DOI: 10.1038/emboj.2012.244ISI: 000310055400007OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-185501DiVA: diva2:572211