Nondestructive Fission Gas Measurements by Means of Gamma Spectroscopy and Gamma Tomography
2012 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
There is a continuous need in the nuclear industry to characterize irradiated nuclear fuel rods and assemblies, both for fuel performance and for safeguards purposes, and consequently there are various destructive and nondestructive measurement techniques available to meet this need. Gamma spectroscopy is one such nondestructive technique, which has been extensively used for a variety of fuel characterization applications. Furthermore, gamma tomography – a combination of gamma spectroscopic measurements and tomographic reconstruction – has in recent years been demonstrated as an efficient technique for characterization of irradiated nuclear fuel assemblies on a rod-by-rod basis without the need to dismantle the fuel. This thesis comprises four scientific papers in which novel applications of these two techniques have been developed and evaluated.
The major part of this work has been performed at the Halden Boiling Water Reactor (HBWR), where a gamma tomography measurement system is currently under construction, as presented in this thesis. The methods and evaluations presented in this work are based on the conditions at the HBWR.
Based on gamma spectroscopy, a novel nondestructive method for determining fission gas release which occurs over short irradiation sequences has been developed, comprising the measurement and analysis of short lived isotopes in individual fuel rods. The method has been demonstrated based on gamma-ray spectra recorded from an experimental fuel rod irradiated in the HBWR.
Based on gamma tomography, a novel method for identifying failed fuel rods within a nuclear fuel assembly has also been developed. The method comprises the measurement of gamma rays emitted in the decay of selected fission gas isotopes in the gas plenum region of a fuel assembly, tomographic image reconstruction of the internal source distribution and subsequent analysis of the resulting image in order to determine if any of the fuel rods in the assembly has unexpectedly low activity, indicating that it is a leaking fuel rod. Simulation studies performed for HBWR fuel show highly promising results for gamma rays emitted in the decay of two selected fission gas isotopes.
The methods will be further investigated at the HBWR, by performing dedicated gamma spectroscopy measurements and by using the tomographic measurement system currently under construction.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Uppsala universitet, 2012. , 14 p.
Research subject Physics with specialization in Applied Nuclear Physics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-185551OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-185551DiVA: diva2:572226
2012-11-15, 13:15 (English)
Jacobsson Svärd, Staffan, PhD
FunderSwedish Research Council, 621-2008-5888
Papers III and IV have been submitted for publication and while under review by the publishers they are not available here.2012-11-282012-11-262013-03-22Bibliographically approved
List of papers