GH (Growth hormone) improves spatial memory and reverses certain anabolic androgenic steroid-induced effects in intact rats
2013 (English)In: Journal of Endocrinology, ISSN 0022-0795, E-ISSN 0022-0795, Vol. 216, no 1, 31-41 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Growth hormone (GH) has previously been shown to promote cognitive functions in GH deficient rodents. In this study we report effects of GH on learning and memory in intact rats pretreated with the anabolic androgenic steroid nandrolone. Male Wistar rats received nandrolone decanoate (15 mg/kg) or peanut oil every third day for three weeks and were subsequently treated with recombinant human GH (1.0 IU/kg) or saline for ten consecutive days. During the GH/saline treatment spatial learning and memory were tested in the Morris water maze (MWM). Also, plasma levels of insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1) were assessed and the gene expression of the GH receptor, Igf1, and Igf2 in hippocampus and frontal cortex was analyzed. The results demonstrated a significant positive effect of GH on memory functions and increased gene expression of Igf1 in the hippocampus was found in the animals treated with GH. In addition, GH was demonstrated to increase the body weight gain and was able to attenuate the reduced body weight seen in nandrolone treated animals. In general, the rats treated with nandrolone alone did not exhibit any pronounced alteration in memory compared to controls in the MWM, and in many cases GH did not induce any alteration. Regarding target zone crossings, considered to be associated to spatial memory, the difference between GH and steroid treated animals was significant and administration of GH improved this parameter in the latter group. In conclusion, GH improves spatial memory in intact rats and can reverse certain effects induced by AAS (anabolic androgenic steroid).
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 216, no 1, 31-41 p.
Research subject Pharmaceutical Science
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-185657DOI: 10.1530/JOE-12-0315ISI: 000313718300008PubMedID: 23092877OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-185657DiVA: diva2:572296