Sex-specific plasticity in brain morphology depends on social environment of the guppy, Poecilia reticulata
2012 (English)In: Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, ISSN 0340-5443, E-ISSN 1432-0762, Vol. 66, no 11, 1485-1492 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The vertebrate brain is a remarkably plastic organ, which responds quickly to environmental changes. However, to date, studies investigating plasticity in brain morphology have focused mostly on the physical properties of the surrounding environment, and little is known about brain plasticity in response to the social environment. Moreover, sex differences in brain plasticity remain virtually unexplored. Here, we tested how the social environment influenced brain morphology in adult males and females using experimental manipulation of the sex composition of social pairs (same sex vs. mixed sex) in the guppy (Poecilia reticulata). We detected substantial sex-specific plasticity in both the overall brain size (controlling for body size) and separate brain structures. The brain size was larger in males that interacted with females, and female optic tectum was larger in female-only groups. Overall, females had larger olfactory bulbs and cerebellum in comparison to males. While net sexual dimorphism in the brain structure can be explained in light of the known differences in boldness and foraging behaviour between the sexes, our results also support that cognitive demands associated with courtship behaviour can lead to plastic changes in the brain size. Our findings demonstrate that not only social environment can generate rapid, plastic responses in the vertebrate brain but also that such responses can depend strongly on sex.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 66, no 11, 1485-1492 p.
Guppy, Neural development, Plasticity, Poecilia reticulata, Sexual dimorphism, Sexual selection, Social interactions
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-186015DOI: 10.1007/s00265-012-1403-7ISI: 000310991100005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-186015DiVA: diva2:572606