Coupling Quantum States through a Continuum: A Mesoscopic Multistate Fano Resonance
2012 (English)In: PHYS REV X, ISSN 2160-3308, Vol. 2, no 2, 021003- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
We demonstrate a fully tunable realization of a multistate Fano resonance, in which a pair of remote quantum states experience an effective coupling due to their mutual overlap with a continuum. Our mesoscopic implementation of this system exploits the ability of the semiconductor nanostructures known as quantum point contacts (QPCs) to serve, in the low-density limit close to pinch-off, as an on-demand localized state. By coupling the states formed on two separate QPCs, through a two-dimensional electron gas that serves as a continuum, we observe a robust effective interaction between the QPCs. To explain this result, we develop a theoretical formulation, based on the ideas of the Schrieffer-Wolff transformation, which is able to reproduce our key experimental findings. According to this model, the robust character of the interaction between the two remote states arises from the fact that the interaction is essentially mediated by a large number of degenerate continuum states. While the continuum is often viewed as a source of decoherence, our experiment therefore instead suggests the possibility of using this medium to support the interaction of quantum states, a result that may allow new approaches to coherently couple nanostructures in extended geometries.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 2, no 2, 021003- p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-187120DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevX.2.021003ISI: 000310512100001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-187120DiVA: diva2:573784