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Earliest ontogeny of Early Palaeozoic Craniiformea: compelling evidence for lecithotrophy
Department of Geology, National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, Wales, UK.
Department of Geology, National Museum of Wales, C.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Palaeobiology.
2012 (English)In: Lethaia: an international journal of palaeontology and stratigraphy, ISSN 0024-1164, E-ISSN 1502-3931, Vol. 45, no 4, 566-573 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The early ontogeny of Palaeozoic Craniiformea (Brachiopoda) remains controversial, with conflicting reports of evidence indicating lecithotrophic versus planktotrophic larval stages. Further compelling evidence for lecithotrophy in Palaeozoic craniiforms is described here. Newly obtained, well-preserved Silurian specimens of craniiforms, including Craniops (Craniopsida), and Lepidocrania? and Orthisocrania (Craniida) from Gotland and the St. Petersburg region, form the basis for this study. The new material demonstrates that the characters of shell structure and shell formation provide evidence of early differentiation of an adult dorsal mantle, and the presence of a distinctive primary layer with a characteristic lath-like pattern indicates that these craniiforms underwent a lecithotrophic larval stage, more or less identical to that of living.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 45, no 4, 566-573 p.
Keyword [en]
Novocrania, Brachiopoda, Craniiformea, ontogeny, phylogeny, Early Palaeozoic
National Category
Natural Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-183567DOI: 10.1111/j.1502-3931.2012.00315.xISI: 000308941700010OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-183567DiVA: diva2:574706
Swedish Research Council, 2012-1658
Available from: 2012-12-06 Created: 2012-10-29 Last updated: 2013-05-21Bibliographically approved

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Popov, L. E.Bassett, Michael G.Holmer, Lars E.
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