Oleic acid decreases BCRP mediated efflux of mitoxantrone in Caco-2 cell monolayers
2012 (English)In: Food and Chemical Toxicology, ISSN 0278-6915, E-ISSN 1873-6351, Vol. 50, no 10, 3635-3645 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP) efflux restricts intestinal absorption of substances like heterocyclic amines, mycotoxins and certain human and veterinary drugs. Fat rich meals seem to increase absorption of drugs which are BCRP substrates or inhibitors. We therefore hypothesize that absorption of toxicants normally effluxed by BCRP are increased by fatty acids in food. Transport across and accumulation of H-3-Mitoxantrone (MXR) in Caco-2 cell monolayers were measured after 60 min exposure to emulsions of H-3-MXR (1 mu M) and oleic acid (0.5-5 mM). In addition, BCRP gene expression (RT-PCR) and the amount of BCRP protein (Western blot) were measured in oleic acid exposed Caco-2 cells. Oleic acid increased transport of MXR in a concentration dependent manner and 2 mM oleic acid or higher increased accumulation of MXR in cells, without any signs of cytotoxicity. Gene expression of BCRP was increased after exposure to oleic acid for 6 h, but the amount of BCRP protein was not increased. In conclusion, oleic acid clearly induced BCRP gene expression and reduced BCRP mediated efflux, although the amount of BCRP in cells was not affected. Consequently, effects of fatty acids on BCRP mediated efflux are important to consider in risk assessment of toxicants in food.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 50, no 10, 3635-3645 p.
Oleic acid, BCRP, Mitoxantrone, Ko143, Caco-2 cell monolayers
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-187721DOI: 10.1016/j.fct.2012.07.015ISI: 000309897100035OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-187721DiVA: diva2:575678