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Autoregulation of gastric blood flow and oxygen uptake
Department of Physiology, College of Medicine, University of South Alabama, Mobile, Alabama 36688.
1981 (English)In: American Journal of Physiology, ISSN 0002-9513, E-ISSN 2163-5773, Vol. 241, no 2, G143-G149 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this study was to determine whether the ability of the stomach to autoregulate blood flow and oxygen uptake is altered by sympathetic denervation. Blood flow, oxygen extraction, local arterial pressure, and venous pressure were continuously monitored in sympathetically innervated and denervated autoperfused dog stomach preparations. As perfusion pressure was reduced in increments from 120 to 20 mmHg in innervated preparations, blood flow and oxygen uptake decreased while oxygen extraction and vascular resistance increased. Reductions in perfusion pressure in denervated preparations resulted in a decrease in blood flow, oxygen uptake, and vascular resistance, whereas oxygen extraction increased. The ability of the stomach to regulate blood flow and oxygen uptake was significantly improved after denervation, i.e., vascular resistance decreased and oxygen uptake remained relatively constant when arterial pressure was reduced. Oxygen uptake in denervated stomachs was generally higher than that in innervated stomachs. Autoregulation of gastric blood flow therefore appears to be improved by denervation. The better autoregulation observed after denervation may result either from a reduction in sympathetic tone and/or the increase in gastric oxygen demand.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1981. Vol. 241, no 2, G143-G149 p.
National Category
Physiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-188285PubMedID: 7270691OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-188285DiVA: diva2:577187
Available from: 2012-12-14 Created: 2012-12-14 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved

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Holm-Rutili, Lena

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