Extracts of Helicobacter pylori reduce gastric mucosal blood flow through a VacA- and CagA-independent pathway in rats
1998 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology, ISSN 0036-5521, Vol. 33, no 12, 1256-1261 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
BACKGROUND: Helicobacter pylori may interfere with gastroduodenal protective mechanisms. Such effects could be due to a direct interaction with gastric epithelial cells but also to the action of a wide range of secreted and membrane-bound virulence factors. Our aim was to study the acute effects of water extracts produced from H. pylori on gastric mucosal blood flow and acid secretion and to relate them to VacA and CagA activity.
METHOD: Extracts were produced from strains 88-23 and A5, both wild type; A5VacA, an isogenic mutant lacking expression of the vacuolating cytotoxin (VacA) and the immunodominant antigen (CagA); and Escherichia coli strain ATCC-25922. Bacterial extracts were applied on the exteriorized gastric corporal mucosa in inactin-anaesthetized rats after removal of as much as possible of the mucus layer, during intravital microscopy. Blood flow was measured by means of laser-Doppler flowmetry.
RESULTS: All H. pylori extracts, including the extract from 88-23 heated to 100 degrees C for 30 min, significantly reduced blood flow by 15%-19%, whereas E. coli had no significant effect on blood flow.
CONCLUSION: A factor or a combination of factors, other than VacA and CagA released from H. pylori, might compromise the natural defence of the gastric corporal mucosa by reducing mucosal blood flow. The factor is heat-stable and lacking or less potent in E. coli.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1998. Vol. 33, no 12, 1256-1261 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-188278PubMedID: 9930388OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-188278DiVA: diva2:577193