Automated classification of immunostaining patterns in breast tissue from the Human Protein Atlas
2012 (English)In: Histopathology Image Analysis (HIMA): a MICCAI 2012 workshop, 2012Conference paper, Poster (Refereed)
The Human Protein Atlas (HPA) is an effort to map the location of all human proteins (http://www.proteinatlas.org/ ). It contains a large number of histological images of sections from human tissue. Tissue micro arrays are imaged by a slide scanning microscope, and each image represents a thin slice of a tissue core with a dark brown antibody specific stain and a blue counter stain. When generating antibodies for protein profiling of the human proteome, an important step in the quality control is to compare staining patterns of different antibodies directed towards the same protein. This comparison is an ultimate control that the antibody recognizes the right protein. In this paper, we propose and evaluate different approaches for classifying sub-cellular antibody staining patterns in breast tissue samples.
Methods and Material:
The proposed methods include the computation of various features including gray level co-occurrence matrix (GLCM) features, complex wavelet co-occurrence matrix (CWCM) features and WND-CHARM-inspired features. The extracted features are used into two different multivariate classifiers (SVM and LDA classifier). Before extracting features, we use color deconvolution to separate different tissue components, such as the brownly stained positive regions and the blue cellular regions, in the immuno-stained TMA images of breast tissue.
Good results have been obtained by using the combinations of GLCM and wavelets and texture features, edge features, histograms, transforms, etc. (WND-CHARM). The proposed complex wavelet features and the WND-CHARM features have accuracy similar to that of a human expert.
Both human experts and the proposed automated methods have difficulties discriminating between nuclear and cytoplasmic staining patterns. This is to a large extent due to mixed staining of nucleus and cytoplasm. Methods for quantification of staining patterns in histopathology have many applications, ranging from antibody quality control to tumour grading.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Medical Image Processing
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-188447OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-188447DiVA: diva2:577872
Histopathology Image Analysis (HIMA), a MICCAI 2012 workshop, 5 October, 2012, Nice, France