Interleukin-1-mediated effects of normal oral keratinocytes and head and neck squamous carcinoma cells on extracellular matrix related gene expression in fibroblasts
2012 (English)In: Oral Oncology, ISSN 1368-8375, Vol. 48, no 12, 1236-1241 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Objectives: The composition of tumor stroma and the activity of tumor associated fibroblasts are important for tumor growth. Interactions between carcinoma cells and fibroblasts regulate the turnover of extracellular matrix (ECM). Here, the in vitro effects of oral squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) cells (UT-SCC-30 and UT-SCC-87) on fibroblast expression of genes for ECM components and connective tissue growth factor (CTGF/CCN2), were compared to those of normal oral keratinocytes (NOK). Materials and Methods: Cocultures with fibroblasts in collagen gels and keratinocytes with the two cell types separated by a semi permeable membrane were used, and relative gene expression was measured with real-time PCR. Results: All investigated genes were regulated by NOK and the SCCs. The downregulation of pro-collagens alpha 1(I) and alpha 1(III) was more pronounced in cocultures with NOK, while the expression of CCN2 and fibronectin was downregulated by both NOK and the SCCs to a similar extent. UT-SCC-87, but not UT-SCC-30, secreted significantly more IL-1 alpha than NOK. A recombinant interleukin-1 receptor antagonist reversed many of the observed effects on fibroblast gene expression suggesting involvement of IL-1 in cocultures with NOK as well as with SCCs. Conclusion: The observed differential effects on fibroblast gene expression suggest that NOK are more antifibrotic compared to UT-SCC-30 and UT-SCC-87. These findings may contribute to a better understanding of the mechanisms behind ECM turnover in tumors.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 48, no 12, 1236-1241 p.
Cocultures, Extracellular matrix, Interleukin-1 alpha, Tumor stroma
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-188413DOI: 10.1016/j.oraloncology.2012.06.013ISI: 000311151200007OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-188413DiVA: diva2:578241