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Lithic raw material diversification as an adaptive strategy: Technology, mobility, and site structure in Late Mesolithic northernmost Europe
a Department of Philosophy, History, Culture and Art Studies, University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 59, 00014 University of Helsinki, Finland .
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
2014 (English)In: Journal of Anthropological Archaeology, ISSN 0278-4165, E-ISSN 1090-2686, Vol. 33, 84-98 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [fi]

Formal technologies and intensified reduction are often seen as responses to increased mobility and low abundance of lithic raw material of good flakeability and controllability. Although patterns of lithic raw material availability and occurrence are in many ways analogous to those of subsistence resources, resource diversification, an adaptive strategy commonly discussed in relation to food procurement, is rarely discussed in connection to changes in lithic resource availability and technology. We present a case from northernmost Europe in which pronounced differences in raw material availability caused by a distinct geological setting existed within a relatively small area. We conclude that restricted availability of high-quality raw material due, for instance, to increased mobility or changes in the size or location of the foraging range does not necessarily lead to formalization and intensification and can, in certain situations, as in the studied case, lead to the application of an adaptive strategy that can be called raw material diversification. This strategy entails a widening of the raw material base to include raw materials of lower workability and a consequent alteration of existing technological concepts, often in the form of simplification and informalization.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2014. Vol. 33, 84-98 p.
Keyword [en]
Lithic technology, mobility, site structure, diversification, intensification, adaptation, technological organization, lithic raw material properties, Fennoscandia, quartz
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Research subject
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-188615DOI: 10.1016/j.jaa.2013.12.001ISI: 000331496300005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-188615DiVA: diva2:578371
Available from: 2012-12-18 Created: 2012-12-18 Last updated: 2014-04-10Bibliographically approved

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Knutsson, Kjel
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