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Variational calculations for the hydrogen-antihydrogen system with a mass-scaled Born-Oppenheimer potential
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Theoretical Chemistry.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Theoretical Chemistry.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Theoretical Chemistry.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Theoretical Chemistry.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7567-8295
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2012 (English)In: CENTRAL EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICS, ISSN 1895-1082, Vol. 10, no 5, p. 1038-1053Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The problem of proton-antiproton motion in the H- system is investigated by means of the variational method. We introduce a modified nuclear interaction through mass-scaling of the Born-Oppenheimer potential. This improved treatment of the interaction includes the nondivergent part of the otherwise divergent adiabatic correction and shows the correct threshold behaviour. Using this potential we calculate the vibrational energy levels with angular momentum 0 and 1 and the corresponding nuclear wave functions, as well as the S-wave scattering length. We obtain a full set of all bound states together with a large number of discretized continuum states that might be utilized in variational four-body calculations. The results of our calculations gives an indication of resonance states in the hydrogen-antihydrogen system.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 10, no 5, p. 1038-1053
Keyword [en]
antihydrogen; Born-Oppenheimer approximation; adiabatic approximation; matter-antimatter interactions
National Category
Theoretical Chemistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-188930DOI: 10.2478/s11534-012-0131-yISI: 000311496400002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-188930DiVA, id: diva2:580194
Available from: 2012-12-21 Created: 2012-12-21 Last updated: 2018-04-22Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. MATTER-ANTIMATTER INTERACTIONS: The hydrogen-antihydrogen system and antiproton-matter interactions
Open this publication in new window or tab >>MATTER-ANTIMATTER INTERACTIONS: The hydrogen-antihydrogen system and antiproton-matter interactions
2018 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Ever since antiparticles were discovered their nature has been something of a mystery. They were postulated to be identical to regular particles except for having opposite charge, but this would imply that an equal amount of antiparticles and particles should have been created at the beginning of time. However, everywhere we look the Universe seems to be constituted of regular particles, giving rise to the question whether there is something else that differentiates antiparticles from regular particles, or if there is something amiss in the Standard Model of particle physics.

This thesis focuses on a central system of study in this field, the hydrogen-antihydrogen system and the theory surrounding it, as well as an expansion into systems with an antiproton interacting with small molecules, bridging the fields of quantum physics and quantum chemistry.

Methods expanding on the Born-Oppenheimer approximation for the interaction between the two atoms are presented. The resulting 2-body interaction potential is then used for creating a part of the basis in a non-adiabatic 4-body method in order to look for resonance states whose existence could impact cross-sections of hydrogen-antihydrogen scattering. The eigenfunctions obtained from the non-adiabatic method are used by extracting the 2-body hadronic density function and comparing it to the adiabatic wave function, for measuring the adiabaticity of the hydrogen-antihydrogen system.

The antiproton-matter interaction is first investigated by a quantum dynamical approach of an antiproton scattering on molecular hydrogen, common products in high-energy collision experiments, continued by a study of the potential energy surfaces of an antiproton interacting with a range of functional groups present in the human body.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2018. p. 103
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 1674
Keyword
antimatter, antiproton, matter-antimatter interactions, hydrogen-antihydrogen system
National Category
Theoretical Chemistry
Research subject
Chemistry with specialization in Quantum Chemistry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-348667 (URN)978-91-513-0348-2 (ISBN)
Public defence
2018-06-13, Room Å4001, Ångströmlaboratoriet, Lägerhyddsvägen 1, Uppsala, 13:15 (English)
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Supervisors
Available from: 2018-05-18 Created: 2018-04-22 Last updated: 2018-05-23

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Stegeby, HenrikPiszczatowski, KonradKarlsson, Hans O.Lindh, RolandFroelich, Piotr

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