Scaling behavior and the effects of heterogeneity on shallow seismic imaging of mineral deposits: a case study from Brunswick No. 6 mining area, Canada
2013 (English)In: Journal of Applied Geophysics, ISSN 0926-9851, Vol. 90, 1-18 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
We have studied the scaling behavior of compressional-wave velocity and density logs from an exploration borehole that extends down to about 700 m depth in the Brunswick No. 6 mining area, Bathurst Mining Camp, Canada. Using statistical methods, vertical and horizontal scale lengths of heterogeneity were estimated. Vertical scale length estimates from the velocity, density and calculated acoustic impedance are 14 m, 33 m, and about 20 m, respectively. Although the estimated scale length for the acoustic impedance implies a weak scattering environment, elastic finite difference modeling of seismic wave propagation in 2D heterogeneous media demonstrates that even this weak scattering medium can mask seismic signals from small, but yet economically feasible, massive sulphide deposits. Further analysis of the synthetic seismic data suggests that in the presence of heterogeneity, lenticular-shaped targets may only exhibit incomplete diffraction signals whereby the down-dip tails of these diffractions are mainly visible on the stacked sections. Therefore, identification of orebody generated diffractions is much easier on the unmigrated stacked sections than on migrated stacked sections. The numerical seismic modeling in 2D heterogeneous media indicates that in the presence of large horizontal, but small vertical scale lengths (structural anisotropy), identification of massive sulphide deposits is possible, but their delineation at depth requires detailed velocity modeling and processing algorithms which can handle the anisotropy.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2013. Vol. 90, 1-18 p.
crystalline rock, scattering, heterogeneity, scaling, modeling
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-189088DOI: 10.1016/j.jappgeo.2012.12.003ISI: 000316167700001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-189088DiVA: diva2:580613