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Istanbul's Intellectual Environment and Iranian Scholars of the Early Modern Period
Umeå universitet, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
2011 (English)In: Istanbul As Seen From A Distance: Centre and Provinces in the Ottoman Empire / [ed] Elisabeth Özdalga , M. Sait Özervarli & Feryal Tansug, Istanbul: Swedish Research Institute in Istanbul , 2011, 1, 203-217 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In the studies of the history of Persian/Iranian ideas we can notice the significant role Europe (or rather the image of Europe) has played in the political and cultural life of Persia/Iran. Europe has been either an exemplary model or warning example with which Persians have justified a certain policy or a particular cultural movement. Europe has been synonymous with ”modernization” when phenomena such as secularization, democratization and pluralism are emphasized. The image of Europe has also been freighted with different meanings depending on what one wishes to refer to. One interesting point for me has been studying the interplay of the image of Europe and different special interest groups in Iran. Another has been investigating how the dominant image of Europe has developed. To this end I have examined the intermediaries or mediators of the image, and what they have mediated. It is in the context that I touch on the Ottoman Empire’s and specially Istanbul’s role in the evolution of the image of Europe in Persia/Iran. I will begin with a short historical introduction before focusing on three different categories of intermediaries who, through their contact with Europe mediated an image of Europe to Persia/Iran. These intermediaries have had different points of departure and different motives for their doing. But they had one thing in common: they all acquired their various images of Europe via contact with ottoman intellectuals in 19th-century Istanbul. It was in the context of their voluntary or involuntary sojourns in Istanbul that they came into contact with the European-influenced constitutional movement and mediated images of Europe, which on the whole concurred with each other.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Istanbul: Swedish Research Institute in Istanbul , 2011, 1. 203-217 p.
, Swedish Research Institute in Istanbul Transactions vol. 20, 20
Keyword [en]
Ottoman Empire, Iranian Scholars, Image of Europe
National Category
History of Ideas
Research subject
History Of Sciences and Ideas
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-188973ISBN: 978-91-978813-1-9OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-188973DiVA: diva2:580664
Available from: 2011-07-07 Created: 2012-12-21 Last updated: 2012-12-24Bibliographically approved

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Fazlhashemi, Mohammad
History of Ideas

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