Comparison of single and repeated exposure to low doses of pyrethroids, permethrin and bioallethrin, during neonatal brain development on adult spontaneous behaviour
2012 (English)Conference paper (Refereed)
Permethrin and bioallethrin belong to the Type 1 class of pyrethroid pesticides. The primary mechanism of action is interference with nerve membrane sodium channels that results in increased neuronal activity. We have earlier reported on developmental neurotoxic effects after repeated, PND 10 to PND16, neonatal exposure to pyrethroids. The effects were manifested as altered spontaneous behavior, hyperactivity and reduced cognitive function and changes in cholinergic muscarinic/nicotinic receptors in the cerebral cortex of neonatal and adult mice. The present study was undertaken to compare repeated and single exposure to permethrin and bioallethrin during the neonatal brain growth spurt (BGS) on adult spontaneous behavior in a novel home environment. Neonatal NMRI male mice were given permethrin, orally (0.55; 3.3; 6.6 mg/kg bw/day) on PND 10-14, or just a single oral dose of 6.6 mg/kg bw on PND 10. Bioallethrin was given as a single oral dose of 0.7 mg/kg bw on PND 10, and compared to earlier published data on repeated exposure. Mice serving as controls received the 20 % fat emulsion vehicle. Spontaneous behavior test (locomotion, rearing, total activity) in 2-month-old mice revealed a significant higher activity in mice exposed to repeated doses of 6.6 mg permethrin, as well in mice just receiving a single 6.6 mg dose of permethrin. No significant difference was observed between repeated and single exposure. A single dose of 0.7 mg bioallethrin on PND 10 caused the same effects as a repeated dose of 0.7 mg between PND 10 to PND 16. This demonstrates that a single dose of these pyrethroids can cause the same developmental neurotoxic effects as that seen following repeated doses over one week during the neonatal BGS period in mouse. This research provides is consistent with previous findings that exposure during the BGS can result in persistent behavioral defects.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. 555- p.
, The Toxicologist, ISSN 1096-6080 ; 126
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-191367OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-191367DiVA: diva2:585490
51st Annual Meeting of Society of Toxicology, San Francisco, March 11-15, 2012