Inactivation of uptake hydrogenase leads to enhanced and sustained hydrogen production with high nitrogenase activity under high light exposure in the cyanobacterium Anabaena siamensis TISTR 8012
2012 (English)In: Journal of Biological Engineering, ISSN 1754-1611, Vol. 6, 19- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Background: Biohydrogen from cyanobacteria has attracted public interest due to its potential as a renewable energy carrier produced from solar energy and water. Anabaena siamensis TISTR 8012, a novel strain isolated from rice paddy field in Thailand, has been identified as a promising cyanobacterial strain for use as a high-yield hydrogen producer attributed to the activities of two enzymes, nitrogenase and bidirectional hydrogenase. One main obstacle for high hydrogen production by A. siamensis is a light-driven hydrogen consumption catalyzed by the uptake hydrogenase. To overcome this and in order to enhance the potential for nitrogenase based hydrogen production, we engineered a hydrogen uptake deficient strain by interrupting hupS encoding the small subunit of the uptake hydrogenase. Results: An engineered strain lacking a functional uptake hydrogenase ([increment]hupS) produced about 4-folds more hydrogen than the wild type strain. Moreover, the [increment]hupS strain showed long term, sustained hydrogen production under light exposure with 2--3 folds higher nitrogenase activity compared to the wild type. In addition, HupS inactivation had no major effects on cell growth and heterocyst differentiation. Gene expression analysis using RT-PCR indicates that electrons and ATP molecules required for hydrogen production in the [increment]hupS strain may be obtained from the electron transport chain associated with the photosynthetic oxidation of water in the vegetative cells. The [increment]hupS strain was found to compete well with the wild type up to 50 h in a mixed culture, thereafter the wild type started to grow on the relative expense of the [increment]hupS strain. Conclusions: Inactivation of hupS is an effective strategy for improving biohydrogen production, in rates and specifically in total yield, in nitrogen-fixing cultures of the cyanobacterium Anabaena siamensis TISTR 8012.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 6, 19- p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-191404DOI: 10.1186/1754-1611-6-19OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-191404DiVA: diva2:585692