Effects of the disinfectant Virkon S on early life-stages of the moor frog (Rana arvalis)
2012 (English)In: Amphibia-Reptilia, ISSN 0173-5373, E-ISSN 1568-5381, Vol. 33, no 3-4, 349-353 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Emerging diseases, such as the chytrid fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis, contribute to global population declines of amphibians. Virkon S is one of the most commonly used disinfectants to reduce risk of spreading such pathogens. Virkon S is classified as harmful to aquatic organisms, but until today no negative effects on tadpoles have been reported. We studied the effects of three concentrations of Virkon S on early life-stages (embryos and hatchlings) of the moor frog Rana anvils. Overall, Virkon S had no significant effects. However, hatching success was highest in the control treatment, suggesting that Virkon S may have weak negative effects on amphibian embryos. We suggest that further studies are needed to assess the negative effect of Virkon S on amphibians, and recommend that Virkon S is used with care and a minimized run-off into natural wetlands.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 33, no 3-4, 349-353 p.
amphibians, chytridiomycosis, disinfectant, infection disease, Virkon S
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-191773DOI: 10.1163/15685381-00002837ISI: 000312228000004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-191773DiVA: diva2:588227