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The most metal-poor stars. IV. the two populations with [Fe/H] ≲ -3.0
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2013 (English)In: Astrophysical Journal, ISSN 0004-637X, E-ISSN 1538-4357, Vol. 762, no 1, 28- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We discuss the carbon-normal and carbon-rich populations of Galactic halo stars having [Fe/H] ≲ -3.0, utilizing chemical abundances from high-resolution, high signal-to-noise model-atmosphere analyses. The C-rich population represents ∼28% of stars below [Fe/H] = -3.1, with the present C-rich sample comprising 16 CEMP-no stars, and two others with [Fe/H] ∼ -5.5 and uncertain classification. The population is O-rich ([O/Fe] ≳ +1.5); the light elements Na, Mg, and Al are enhanced relative to Fe in half the sample; and for Z > 20 (Ca) there is little evidence for enhancements relative to solar values. These results are best explained in terms of the admixing and processing of material from H-burning and He-burning regions as achieved by nucleosynthesis in zero-heavy-element models in the literature of "mixing and fallback" supernovae (SNe); of rotating, massive, and intermediate-mass stars; and of Type II SNe with relativistic jets. The available (limited) radial velocities offer little support for the C-rich stars with [Fe/H] < -3.1 being binary. More data are required before one could conclude that binarity is key to an understanding of this population. We suggest that the C-rich and C-normal populations result from two different gas cooling channels in the very early universe of material that formed the progenitors of the two populations. The first was cooling by fine-structure line transitions of C II and O I (to form the C-rich population); the second, while not well defined (perhaps dust-induced cooling?), led to the C-normal group. In this scenario, the C-rich population contains the oldest stars currently observed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 762, no 1, 28- p.
Keyword [en]
early universe, Galaxy: formation, Galaxy: halo, nuclear reactions, nucleosynthesis, abundances, stars: abundances
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Natural Sciences
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URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-192033DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/762/1/28ISI: 000313007900028OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-192033DiVA: diva2:589985
Available from: 2013-01-21 Created: 2013-01-15 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved

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Barklem, Paul. S.

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