Den sociala (?)determinismen och kampen för en bättre värld
1999 (Swedish)In: Sociologisk Forskning, Vol. 99, no 2, 96-116 p.Article in journal (Other scientific) Published
"(Social) determinism and the struggle to reach a better world". It is argued that the determinism/free will antagonism is built into an everyday conceptual world which is reproduced in social science. The opposition appears in the advocation of different methodological approaches - causal explanatory vs hermeneutic-interpretative for example - or as for example a problem of levels and bridgning of levels - individual/society, agent/structure. On one hand there is then the constant oscillation between views or "perspectives". on the other hand there are the "sound" conclusions that one has to think in terms of "both/and". A closer look at varios forms of "both/and"-solutions as well as bridgings show that they in fact either end up in reductionisms (just "material determinism") that turn out to be self-contradictory or else affirms a "both/and", which though clothed in a seemingly technical terminology, simply reproduce the vague common-sense idea, which was the problem we started with. Thus for example the question where and why one perspective is applicable and not the other in the "both/and" compound is never answered. Mostly the arguments for one approach are empty or, that is implictly presupposing the very approach favored in the given case, instead of recognizing the fundamental "undecidability" of the issue as stated. It is suggested that this opposition and the consequent "undecidability" is grounded in an ingrown, taken-for-granted, experiential "sense of self", which posits the self or subject as separate from "its" world. It is suggested that the opposition, the confusion and sometimes suffering following from the grappling with this oppositions can not be solved just theoretically but will remain as long as a certain "notion of self" grounds the way reality is experienced. It may then turn out that there never were any problem.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1999. Vol. 99, no 2, 96-116 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-31575OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-31575DiVA: diva2:59472