Shifts in phytoplankton species richness and biomass along a latitudinal gradient: consequences for relationships between biodiversity and ecosystem functioning
2013 (English)In: Freshwater Biology, ISSN 0046-5070, E-ISSN 1365-2427, Vol. 58, no 3 (SI), 612-623 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
1. Analysing phytoplankton community data from 205 small, mainly oligotrophic Swedish lakes along a 13 degrees latitudinal gradient, we found that the duration of the open-water season (DT>0) was best related to phytoplankton speciesrichness and biomass, probably because DT>0 can be used as a proxy for nutrient concentrations, as well as for light and temperature conditions in lakes. 2. The relationships between DT>0 and phytoplankton species richness and biomass were not linear but showed significant shifts, that is, richness suddenly doubled at DT>0=170days and phytoplankton biomass began to strongly increase at DT>0 around 220days. 3. The doubling in species richness corresponded to a change in the seasonal plankton succession from one to two peaks per year, and the shift in biomass corresponded to ashift in nutrient concentrations. 4. The geographical differences in richness and biomassshifts resulted in an exponential biodiversityecosystem functioning relationship along aDT>0 gradient. 5. We conclude that phytoplankton species richness and biomass are driven by different environmental factors, resulting in a nonlinear biodiversityecosystem functioning relationship. The shape of the diversityfunctioning relationship varies alongwith variations in environmental drivers, which is of highest importance for ongoing discussions about impacts of global change on biodiversity and ecosystem functioning.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 58, no 3 (SI), 612-623 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-192556DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2427.2012.02779.xISI: 000314805800014OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-192556DiVA: diva2:599973