Are nAChRs and NMDA receptors involved in low dose ethanol-nicotine toxicity in SH-SY5Y cells?
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Consumption of alcohol and tobacco is common all around the world and these drugs are frequently consumed concomitantly. It has been estimated that 70-80 % of alcoholics are smokers and non-alcoholic drinkers are more often smokers than teetotallers. Alcohol and tobacco may affect the risk of developing neurological diseases and might influence this risk differently when combined compared to when only one of these compounds is consumed. Some in vitro-research have shown that non-toxic concentrations of ethanol and nicotine, in combination, can exert toxicity, and might do so in a synergistic way. In this work, investigations were made to see if the neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) and NMDA receptors are involved in this interactive behaviour between ethanol and nicotine. A human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cell line was treated with ethanol and nicotine at different concentrations and cell viability was measured through an MTT-assay. A significant reduction in cell viability was induced by chronic treatment with a low-dose combination of ethanol and nicotine. The cell viability reduction was completely inhibited by pretreatment with the non-specific nAChR antagonist mecamylamine. This suggests that nAChRs are involved in low-dose ethanol-nicotine interactions. The NMDA receptor antagonist memantine did not affect the ethanol-nicotine effect, which implies that NMDA receptors are not involved in low-dose ethanol-nicotine interactions in SH-SY5Y cells. However, it is unclear if the SH-SY5Y cell line expresses fully functional NMDA receptors. The expression of NMDA receptors might vary with cell passage number. Further research has to be done to uncover the contribution of specific nAChR subtypes to the ethanol-nicotine interaction. There also remains to be revealed if human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells express fully functional NMDA receptors and how cell passage number affects the expression of these receptors.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 57 p.
alcohol, ethanol, nicotine, SH-SY5Y, nAChR, interaction, toxicity, NMDA, mecamylamine, memantine
alkohol, etanol, nikotin, SH-SY5Y, interaktion, toxicitet, NMDA, nikotinreceptor, nAChR, mecamylamin, memantin
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-193048OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-193048DiVA: diva2:601122
Subject / course
Master of Science Programme in Pharmacy
UppsokLife Earth Science
Svensson, Anne-Lie, Med.Dr.
Bergström, Lena, Docent